Bruises The pain:

A tender, discolored area that occurs on the skin at the site of an injury.

The cause:

Because of a fall or a bump, the blood vessels underneath the skin rupture, leaking blood out into the surrounding tissues.  The blood then discolors the skin on top of the injury.  Bruises become more common with age because collagen – the connective tissue that cushions skin-breaks down, leaving underlying blood vessels more vulnerable.  Long-term sun damage can also make skin more susceptible to bruising.

See a doctor if

you have bruises that appear without any seeming cause.  Sometimes bruises are indications of serious illnesses such as blood disorders, you suddenly start to bruise easily and frequently.  Easy bruising could be a sign of a blood disorder.  In such a case, you should consult a doctor. The bruise occurs at a joint and is accompanied by swelling. The bruise occurs above the ear on the side of your head, which is an area that is susceptible to fractures. the bruising is accompanied by a fever.

 Medication:

Besides aspirin (see below), there are several medications that can contribute to excessive bruising.  These include: Anticoagulants like heparin and warfarin.  Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen Certain antibacterial, including nitrofurantoin  Certain heart drugs, such as verapamil Check with your doctor to see if a medication you may be taking is Contributing to weakened blood vessels, excessive bleeding, or bruising.

Quick relief: Make nice with Rice. 

Keep the acronym “RICE ‘in mind, and follow the instructions it gives if you have a severe bruise.

• Rest – take the weight off the injured part of the body.

• Ice – wrap the area in an ice pack to reduce the internal bleeding never put ice directly on to the skin as it may cause a burn, so wrap it in a towel first; if no ice is available, a packet of frozen peas or corn (again, wrapped) is an ideal substitute. Leave on for 10 minutes, and repeat the application four times a day for the first 48 hours – after that, the bleeding should have stopped.

• Compress – wrap a bandage around the area to prevent or reduce any localized swelling.

Elevate raise the bruised area so that it is higher than the heart to reduce any swelling: you may have to lie down to do this.  If the bruise is a minor one, and there is no localized swelling, ice may be all that you need.  Apply ice as soon as possible after the injury occurs.  Wrap the ice pack in a towel to keep it from contacting your skin directly and keep it in place for about 15 minutes.  Then let the skin warm before reapplying the ice.

You can ice the bruise four or five times the first day, then after 24 hours switch to heat to improve circulation to the bruised area.  Gently but securely wrap the bruise with an elastic bandage.  Then elevate the limb as much as possible for the first 24 hours.  The pressure and elevation will help stop the blood from flowing into the tissues and minimize the size of the bruise.

Give it a little squeeze.  By pushing down with a small amount of pressure on the injured area, you can cut off some of the flow from the busted blood vessels.  Apply the pressure as soon as possible after the injury.  The less blood that spills internally, the less bruising will develop.   

Heat it up.  After using ice for the first 24 hours, switch to heat.  The heat increases the circulation to the bruised area, helping the scavenger cells to reabsorb the blood that has leaked from the broken vessels into the skin.  Apply a heating pad or a warm compress for 20 minutes a few times a day.

Swap heat and cold.  When you bump your shin, the best way to reduce the swelling is to apply a little hydrotherapy.  Start with some ice wrapped in a washcloth immediately after the injury.  Leave the cold on for 10 to 15 minutes.  You can repeat the treatment every two to four hours, or as needed for pain and After the swelling has gone down, alternate cold and hot compresses. For the hot part, soak a washcloth with hot tap water and hold it against the bruise for about three minutes.

Switch to a wet washcloth wrapped around ice for a minute or so, and then return to the hot. Always start with the hot and end with the cold, alternating that process as many as three to five times.  Wait for a few hours and repeat.  “Generally. I have the person do it one or two times daily.  “Basically, what you’re doing is stimulating the flow of blood around the bruise, which helps carry away debris and damaged tissue. It also brings in a lot of white blood cells, which promotes healing.

Nutritional remedies: Reach for the citrus.

Vitamin C and substances called bioflavonoids that are in oranges and other citrus fruits strengthen capillary walls. As the blood vessels get stronger, they’re less prone to leakage so there’s less bruising. To help prevent bruises, make sure you eat some citrus fruit every day.  You can also try daily application of vitamin C creams or lotions (available at chemists or from a dermatologist.)

Helpful vitamins and supplements:

Try a multivitamin. If bruises show up frequently, without much apparent cause, maybe you’re just not getting enough vitamin C from your diet. If so, be sure you get a supplement, “I recommend that people take a multivitamin to ensure that they’re getting the basic requirement.   

“Try some special K.

A deficiency of vitamin K can prevent normal blood clotting and you need some clotting action to help prevent bruising.” Some people who bruise excessively and have a lot of broken blood vessels below the skin should eat more vegetables rich in vitamin K. Vitamin K is abundant in leafy greens and members of the cabbage family, such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and spinach, among others.” You might consider a supplement of K as well.  “Bruise – diminishing creams containing vitamin K can help resolve bruises faster by providing the vitamin to the site of the injury.

Everyday prevention: Go easy on the aspirin.

If you’re taking aspirin for any reason, it could be contributing to the number.  of bruises you’re getting. “There is some evidence that an adult aspirin, which is 325 milligrams, will thin the blood too much and cause blood to leak through the vessels.  Among other things, that will lead to more bruises.

It’s good to take aspirin but only the smaller dose.  “If you’re taking aspirin to help reduce your risk of heart attack, as some doctors advise, you shouldn’t stop taking it without talking to a Physician. But your doctor might recommend another solution, switching to baby aspirin, which has only 81 milligrams. That much aspirin will not cause the same problems as the stronger, adult dose, so it’s safer and more appropriate for daily consumption.

Protect your vulnerable spots. 

Be sure to wear protective clothing, especially over those areas where you tend to repeatedly bruise yourself, suggests Dr.  Wear long sleeves and long pants, sweaters that fall below your waist and cover your hips, and shoes that protect your feet.  If you repeatedly bruise your thighs or forearms, ask your pharmacist about a protective pad that you can easily slip on to guard that area.

Bruise – proof your home.

“A lot of bumps and bruises are caused because we didn’t see something, or we bump into the same object over and over again. The solution: “Make sure you have good lighting in all your rooms.  and make your environment as uncluttered as possible.   

Pad yourself up. 

If your sport or activity recommends using padding or protective gear, use it.  A little bit of padding can go a long way to prevent a bruise after a fall or impact.

Be careful out there.

One of the only surefire ways to prevent bruising is to use caution and common sense.  Bumping into cabinets, walking into furniture, dropping a can on your foot are all things that cause bruising and things you avoid if you pay attention.

Herbal Help: Apply arnica, pronto.

A traditional bruise buster and the first choice of many herbalists for soothing black – and – blue spots, arnica has been shown by researchers to contain a substance called Helenian, which has anti-inflammatory actions.  “Arnica creams or tablets are very effective.  Applied to unbroken skin at the point of impact, arnica can lessen or even help avoid the discoloration and swelling of a bruise.  “Important advice to remember about this powerful herb is that arnica is toxic if taken internally or if absorbed into the bloodstream by contact with scratched, cut, bleeding, or otherwise broken skin.

“So, use it only on unbroken skin.” Also, people with very sensitive skin should not use arnica because the oils can be irritating.  (Don’t confuse the herb with homeopathic remedies using arnica, which are extremely dilute and therefore safe.) If you’ve banged your shin, fallen, or otherwise set the scene for å painful, purple shiner, apply arnica cream, salve, or a compress to the spot.  To make a compress, add 60 drops of arnica tincture to a cup of warm water.

Soak a cloth in it, then lay it on your skin.  Hold the compress in place with a dry cloth tied over it.  “Leave it in place for 20 minutes to an hour, until the wet cloth dries. “If you do this soon enough after getting bumped, you may not see a bruise at all.

Use an arnica compress and ice.

You can also alternate between an arnica compress and an ice pack on bruised skin. You can make a compress by steeping the fresh herb in hot water. straining it, and then soaking the cloth. “I would alternate the two for one to four hours, then rub arnica cream or oil into the bruised area.

Make a poultice with comfrey or calendula.

Concoct an herbal poultice by rehydrating a tablespoon of dried herbs in an equal amount of warm water or by crushing fresh comfrey leaves or calendula petals.

Comfrey, a traditional skin remedy dating back to ancient Greece, contains a substance called allantoin, which prompts tissue repair even below the surface of the skin, and Rosmarinus acid, which reduces swelling. While herbalists caution against taking comfrey internally without guidance due to the plant’s concentration of potentially dangerous pyrrolizidine alkaloids, applying comfrey externally to a bruise does not pose a threat.

Calendula’s sunny yellow and orange flowers have a long – standing reputation as antiseptic wound healers for bruises and other skin ailments.  potent abilities to repair damage to the skin caused by sunburn, according to herbalists. * Apply this poultice directly to Bruised skin and hold it in place with an adhesive strip, or use gauze and tape for a larger area.  Leave it in place for three to four hours, and you should see swelling, pain, and discoloration reduced.  Or, if you apply the poultice as soon as you’re injured, it may keep the area from looking and feeling bruised.

Sprinkle on some parsley.

Crush some fresh parsley leaves, then spread them directly on the bruise. Parsley can promote healing and clear up black – and – blue marks within a day or.  leaves in place by covering them with an adhesive bandage or with gauze and tape.

Try parsley cubes.

Parsley has a traditional reputation for dispelling black – and – blue marks Ice can prevent swelling Combine the two in Parsley – packed ice cubes and you have an instant bruise remedy that you can stock ahead of time in your freezer, just whirl a handful of parsley and about 1/4 cup of water in a blender or food processor until it looks like slush.  Then fill ice cube trays hall – full.” Apply to bruised spots as needed, wrapped in gauze or thin cloth.  Parsley ice cubes also work well for cooling minor burns.  “Discard them after use.” As a bonus, you can grab a parsley cube out of the freezer when you’re cooking and you need a little parsley in a soup or sauce.

Banish bruises with bilberry. 

The bilberry herb helps heal the broken capillaries that caused the bruise.  You can find bilberry capsules in health food stores or even your local drugstore.  Take a 60-milligram bilberry capsule three or four times a day you get your bruise.

Pump up your capillaries. 

Grape seed extract contains bioflavonoids.  which strengthen capillaries, making them less likely to break under pressure.  Take 20 to 50 milligrams of grape seed extract.

Soothe with St.  John’s worth. 

There has been some scientific verification that this herb is useful for treating bruises.  Try steeping one to two tea spoons of dried herb in vegetable oil for a few days.  Then use the oil to treat bruises.

Heal with hazel. 

The astringency of the leaves and bark of witch hazel made it a popular early American remedy for all sorts of skin conditions, from bruises to varicose veins.  Witch hazel water is available at chemists.

Get help from Helichrysum.

Treat bruises with soaked compresses in cool water that has been spiked with four drops of the essential oil helichrysum (also known as immortelle or Everlast.  “Helichrysum reduces swelling, controls bleeding under the skin and has an anti-inflammatory property.  Lavender oil can be substituted for the helichrysum.  Use the compress once or twice a day, leaving them in place for about ten minutes each time.  For severe bruises, apply several drops of undiluted helichrysum directly to the bruises several times a day, he suggests.

Hands – on help:

Rub the right way.  Simply ‘rubbing it better’ can work.  “Rub the affected joint with the hands. Using olive oil so that you don’t chap the skin.  The sensation created by the rubbing hands can block pain messages, in the same way that TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) machines can send blocking sensations to the spinal cord.