Bedsores The pain, dead tissue that surrounds a bedsore

Bedsores The pain, dead tissue that surrounds a bedsore

Bedsores The pain:

Pressure ulcers that start as a red spot on the skin; Left untreated, the affected skin can blister, deteriorate and die.  Eventually the sore can break through the skin and extend through the fat, into muscle and expose bone.

The cause:

They occur when you sit or lie in a single position for so long that the sheer weight of the body pinches off blood flow to certain areas.  Usually, the danger spots are bony areas of the body, especially the hips.  buttocks, and heels.  Anyone confined to a bed or wheelchair, especially those who have suffered paralysis or a stroke, is in danger of developing a pressure ulcer.  And a bedsore can start a lot sooner than you might think.  “Most experts say it takes about two hours to create a stage bedsore, but you can start to see the changes that lead to an ulcer after about 20 minutes.”  Once a bedsore opens, the body’s natural protective barrier has been compromised, leaving one vulnerable to bacteria, infection, and pain.

See a doctor if

You notice a reddened area that doesn’t go away.  Get a doctor’s help as quickly as possible, don’t assume that if a bedsore doesn’t hurt, it’s not serious, adds Krasner. Constant pressure tends to numb the skin and other conditions such as paralysis or diabetes may reduce the ability to feel pain.

Medication:

Your doctor may want to prescribe antibiotics to assist healing, the doctor may also want to remove. or debride, dead tissue that surrounds a bedsore, If the bedsores hurt continuously, you may want to ask about taking over-the-counter medication at regular intervals, not just when the pain flares. acetaminophen (paracetamol), aspirin, or another pain reliever may be appropriate.  before taking these medications regularly.

 Nutritional remedies: Eat right.

“In a scientific study of nursing home patients, we have never found a pressure ulcer in anyone who was well nourished, “Along with pressure, malnutrition is the single biggest co-factor in the creation of bedsores.  “When people think of malnutrition, they frequently think of people who are thin or even emaciated.” That’s not the person who is at the greatest risk, “he says.” The people who are most in danger of developing pressure ulcers are obese people., those who are eating lots of processed foods and processed carbohydrates that lack protein.  “Keep that from happening by getting your loved one the minimum daily requirement for protein, which is two to three servings of meat, poultry, fish, or eggs a day. In addition, doctors recommend that people eat 6 to 11 servings of unprocessed whole.  grains, 2 to 4 servings of fresh fruits, and 3 to 5 servings of vegetables a day.

Choose your oils wisely.

If you’re preparing food for anyone who is bedridden, be careful about the kinds of oils that may be in their foods.  According to Dr “Omega-3 oils, which are found in fish, canola oil and flaxseed oil, lower blood cholesterol and support good circulation.  “He says. Avoid using corn or sunflower oil in your cooking because such oils can enhance inflammation, which decrease blood circulation and can increase bedsore risk, he adds.

Helpful vitamins and supplements:

Supplement against sores. Encourages people at risk for bedsores to take a multivitamin that contains vitamins C, E, and beta carotene. These vitamins are antioxidants that can speed healing. Some research suggests zinc is also helpful.

Everyday prevention:

Get even relief. Try to keep the person on a mattress or cushion.  that distributes their weight more evenly, such as an air mattress, says Dr “There are many kinds available, but a regular air mattress that you use at a lake or the beach can be used to help support a person who is bedridden.  “Be sure it’s thickly covered with an airy cotton blanket and sheets to prevent sweating. Sponge mattresses and water beds are also good choices. Other experts recommend using cotton padding or wool to soften the mattress. The extra padding should be evenly distributed. However, to prevent bunching and increasing the likelihood of pinching blood vessels.

Add an extra layer.

Cover the bed mattress with an air mattress or foam padding that is dense and at least four inches thick. “There are a lot of mattress overlay devices that put cushioning.  Between the bony surface and the bed surface.” And these devices can help prevent pressure ulcers.  “For people in wheelchairs, she suggests an air or gel cushion. The egg crate paddings that were once used to prevent bedsores are not collective, she says.” These are not dense enough, so the bone would still lie on the surface of the mattress, and there would be tissue destruction.

“Keep things moving.”

You’ve got to rotate the person’s body throughout the day.  “says Dr, The person should be shifted at least once an hour, just to relieve the pressure on any area of ​​the body.  “Not only is this an essential way to keep bedsores from worsening once they start. It’s also one of the best ways of preventing them. Be sure to reposition the person so that pressure is relieved from any reddened area on the body.

Help out the

One problem with repositioning – for example, turning a person from his back onto his side – is that a person lying on his side can get a pressure ulcer from his hipbones. To prevent this, turn the person on his back-part way toward his side, say, 30 degrees (a full turn onto the side would be 90 degrees). Then support his back with pillows so that he stays in the new position. This way, the pillow takes some of the weight.

Separate the knees and ankles.

Pressure sores can also form when an ankle is pressing on an ankle, or a knee on a knee. Use pillows to keep them separated,

Lower the head of the bed.

People who are propped up in bed tend to slide Down. And if the person is older, the skin on the back and the buttocks can stretch and tear, creating an ulcer.  This phenomenon is called shearing, and it can be prevented by keeping the head of the bed at the lowest angle possible and limiting the time it is elevated.

Do a “pushup.”

People who are confined to wheelchairs but still have the use of their upper bodies should do a slight pushup every four to five minutes on the arms of the wheelchair to relieve the pressure, says Jones.

Clean with care. 

A person in bed should be cleaned regularly, says Jones, since excess moisture – from elimination or perspiration – can weaken the skin.  But clean gently, using a mild soap.  And afterward.  Apply a moisturizer so that the skin doesn’t become too dry.  “Keep the skin lubricated, but not saturated,” she says.

Caring for the wounds: Maximize blood flow to existing ulcers.

Make sure there is no pressure on any area where an ulcer already exists.  If an ulcer appears on the heel, suspend the heel by raising the lower leg with pillows or soft blankets, she recommends.  Once pressure is relieved, blood will flow to the existing wound and aid healing 

Keep the wounds clean. 

Pressure ulcers have to be kept clean in order to avoid infection and to heal properly.  “Rinse the wound and surrounding skin with soap and water,” says Dr.  Do not use cleansing solutions containing disinfectants, such as providence – iodine.  Disinfectants generally slow the healing process.

Make the wound moist.

To help speed healing, cover any existing sores with gauze bandages coated in petroleum jelly or similar moist, thick ointment.  This encourages tissues to grow rapidly.  There are special dressings such as Didier and Vigil on, which are available through your pharmacist, that dissolve into the wound and create a good environment for healing.

Keep the healthy skin dry.

“Keep the wound moist and the surrounding skin dry.”  Kaminski.  Healthy skin that is allowed to remain moist is more susceptible to developing a sore and an open wound.  For patients who are incontinent, undergarments must be changed when needed in order to keep skin dry.

Bad Hair Days Tame the Tress Mess

Bad Hair Days Tame the Tress Mess

Tame the Tress Mess

you know the feeling: Up until yesterday, your hair looked fine Well-behaved, no big surprises. Today, your formerly puffed hair is flat. Or shooting out in new directions. Or so staticky that you’re afraid you’ll electrocute yourself if you touch it.

You’re having a classic bad hair day, and your knee-jerk reaction is to dunk your head in a bucket of water and start over. What happened

 WHEN GOOD HAIR GOES BAD

Your environment-internal and external-can affect the way your hair looks can using too many Whatever the cause, here are some instant ways to fix various causes of bad hair, recommended by hair care experts from Los Angeles.

Soak your bead

Dunking your head in the sink might not be a bad idea, says.

often than not, bad hair is caused by residue left by various products,” explains Dr. Leave-in conditioners, styling gels and hair all leave a residue on hair that builds up and eventually causes it to do something other than what you intend. Use a clarifying mild cleansing shampoo with no conditioners-to strip all the gunk from your hair. Lather and rinse thoroughly.

 Condition it.

Follow shampooing with a lightweight conditioner that’s intended to detangle hair, says Dr. Look for one labelled “detangling conditioner and follow the label directions. This type of conditioner is designed to keep hair smooth and shiny without leaving a heavy residue.

 Go for the gel.

If your hair is limp and flat, a small dab of gel can give it a lift, says Elizabeth Hartley, creative director for Vidal Sassoon When your hair is still damp, smear a pea-sized dollop of gel into hand, rub your hands together, then lean over from your waist and your hair forward. Smudge the gel through your roots. Stand

your hair back, shake your hair and forget it. You should have all the volume you need.

Moisten ends only.

If your hair tends to be a little dry on the ends, squeeze a half-teaspoon of a leave-in moisturizer on your hands, Hartley adds. Then smudge it through your hair from mid-shaft to the ends of each strand, Shake or comb your hair into place and be on your way.

Fix frizzes.

If humidity gives short or medium hair a bad case of the frizzes, tame it with styling gel and protective moisturizer, such as a spray-on, leave-in conditioner, says Liz Cunene, a consultant tri colorist, a hair-care specialist). Shampoo and condition first, towel dry, then put a teaspoon of gel in your palm, rub your hands together and work the gel through your hair. Apply the moisturizer, style as usual and go.

Snip and trim.

When frizzes are caused by a perm gone bad, the only remedy is a trim, says dermatologist Dr.

Spray, roll, then blow dry.

To tame stat icky flyaway hair, spray a thermal styling conditioner such as Heat Safe on your hair after shampooing and conditioning with your regular daily products, says Dr. Heat Safe has four different moisturizers that penetrate the surface of cache hair, allowing you to style. condition and protect your hair as you dry it. You can find Heat Safe in chemists. Then pop a few Velcro rollers into your hair and use your dryer on its lowest setting to set the curl. Or simply blow-dry, without rollers. To prevent damaging your hair, hold the dryer at least 15 to 30 cm away from your head, says Dr. Let your hair cool, then style as necessary.

Curl with steam.

If your normally wavy or curly hair has lost its bounce, a curling iron can help, says Dr, before curling, cool the iron by curling it around a wet towel. The result is a cooler treatment less likely to cause split ends.

Plug in your bot rollers.

You can bring almost any hair under control by applying a thermal styling conditioner and using a set of electrically heated hair rollers, says Wendy, hair care manager at Neutrogena. Wash and condition as usual, spray in the thermal styling conditioner, then roll your hair. Wait ten minutes, remove the rollers, leer your hair cool, then style as usual.

Get it shaped.

For preventing bad hair days, nothing beats a great haircut, says Hartley. The cut is the foundation of every style. A professional stylist can structure your hair into a shape that will emphasis your hair’s strengths-texture, line, color and shine, for instance to prevent many of the problems that trigger bad hair days.

Bad Breath Help for Stubborn Halitosis

Bad Breath Help for Stubborn Halitosis

Bad Breath Help for Stubborn Halitosis

Even women who aren’t normally concerned about their breathe worry when they reach for a wedge of garlic bread, a doll of onion dip or a helping of their favorite curry Contrary to what you might think, popping a breath mint swishing mouthwash may not always be the best answer. Used to often-several times a day-mints and rinses mask the problem and don’t get to the cause.

Just as you would hunt for the source of an odor in your kitchens your best bet is to figure out what’s causing your bad breath, Dr advises. Smoking and drinking alcohol are common—but VIOUS-causes

Researchers have always suspected that the true culprit behind or- diner bad breath may live on your tongue. This hypothesis gained support in a study by Dr, which was conducted at the Department of Biologic Materials Sciences at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Dr DE Beer studied 16 men and women with had breath, most of whom had already tried regular mouthwash, mints and gum. She found that the problem was most noticeable in those whose tongues were naturally coated with a film of bacteria and whose tongues also contained deep fissures in which organisms could hide.

SCIENCE AND FOLK REMEDIES BOTH WORK

If you have bad breath more than just occasionally and you don’t smoke, and your doctor has ruled out an underlying medical cause, such as gastrointestinal upset, medications, gum disease, infected or decayed teeth or a respiratory tract infection, try these tactics suggested by women doctors.

Start with the basics.

Occasional use of odor masking rinses helps, but it’s also important for women to pay strict attention to dental hygiene, says Dr. Start by brushing and taking your teeth and scrubbing your tongue.

Brush with mouth rinse.

A study by Dr found that problem who brushed their tongues and rinsed with mouth rinse after break

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR 

Since bad breath can arise from a variety of causes-some minor and some serious–you should schedule an appointment with a dentist if the problem isn’t resolved with home care in a few weeks. 

fast and before going to bed reduced foul mouth odor. Specifically, people in the study followed these steps: They brushed their teeth with a toothpaste of their choice. Then they dipped their toothbrushes in a mouth rinse with 0.12 per cent chlorhexidine gluconate (such as Cursedly) and brushed their tongues. Then they rinsed for 60 seconds with the same rinse. Last, they refrained from eating, drinking or rinsing with water for at least a half hour. When the men and women in Dr study followed this ritual for seven days, the suspect organisms in their mouths were significantly reduced, and so was their bad breath.

Switch to a rubber-tipped brush.

Use a toothbrush with a rubber pick on the end to do a little housecleaning when you say “ah”, says in tarnish, Food can gather not only in your teeth and gums but also in hidden folds near your tonsils—”anywhere in the little pockets in the back of your mouth, she says. Left there, it can cause bad breath. A Water Pick-type device works, too.

Snack on a sprig.

For basic food-related odors, munching on some parsley-a folk remedy of sorts-really does clear the air.

Make water your after-dinner drink.

Merely swishing your mouth with good old H, O will freshen your mouth after a meal or a coffee break, as an added bonus, it also helps remove plaque-the sticky buildup of bacteria and tartar that leads to tooth decay, gum disease and bad breath.

Back Pain, Advice for Desk Workers, Mums and Others

Back Pain, Advice for Desk Workers, Mums and Others

Advice for Desk Workers, Mums and Others

women and men suffer from about the same amount of back pain, but while men most often get long-lasting back pain from lifting too much, women often ache from sitting too much. “The second highest incidence of back pain is reported by sedentary workers, most of whom are women who sit at desks-often in front of computers all day,

Most commonly, people suffer from lower-back pain, which is generally caused by straining or spraining muscles and tissues that connect bones and cartilage. A sudden action in which you use muscles that are tired or out of condition is particularly likely to cause sudden pain. Childbearing and child rearing also put a heavy load on women’s

backs, say women doctors. During the last two trimesters of pregnancy, the fetus can literally shift the center of gravity of your back, increasing the curve of your spine, so that your back may really hurt, a teacher of the Alexander Technique for posture and back pain. Afterwards, it can get worse.

“Soon after pregnancy and when children are toddlers, women experience back pain from bending and lifting, Women have two-thirds the muscle mass of men who are otherwise the same size se they are an ergonomist who specializes in the study of technology design and people’s needs. “They need more muscle power to do the same work. “While most women would think carefully before lifting a 25 kg (50-pound) weight in a gym, they think nothing of picking up a toddler and a S kg (10-pound) bag of shopping while still carrying a briefcase crammed with books and papers. And that can cause back-muscle strain

SUFFER NO MORE

If your doctor has confirmed that what you’re experiencing is from muscle spasms or chronic lower back ache, and not a herniated disc, you’ll be relieved to hear that there’s plenty you can do.

Yoga Works

As a yoga instructor and physical therapist in San Francisco, says that she twists her body into all kinds of unusual positions and always feels fine. Here’s what the author of Relax and Renew. Restful Yoga for Stressful Times has to say “Yoga not only works to stretch and strengthen muscles, but it can also help women be aware of their bodies and emotions. It can help you lessen back pain by making you aware of what brings it on.” she says. Other remedies for back pain include hot-water bottles, ice packs or a heating pad applied to the site of pain: gentle stretching: and sitting with a pillow supporting the small of your back. To pre vent back pain at work, move around every half-hour.

Stay calm.

Lower-back pain goes away within a few days or a When if you do nothing, says Dr surgeon. Take a deep breath and calm down as much as you can. It’ll help case the distress, and it may speed your healing.

Take the day off.

if your back hurts, you won’t feel up to doing much of anything. So, don’t try. Go to bed and give yourself some much needed respite, says Dr also an orthopedic surgeon.

Rest for a day or two, but no more.

Too much rest, however, can do more harm than good, say back care experts. “Even if you don’t feel A-OK, you need to get active within a day or so,” says Dr. “If you stay in bed for longer than two days, your circulation will slow down, your muscles and joints will stiffen, and you’ll actually increase your chances of another back injury.”

Turn on the heat.

To soothe the ache, apply a hot-water bottle or heating pad to the site of the pain.

Or ice it.

“Sometimes women find that ice is the best way to relieve inflammation. Put an ice pack on the site of the pain for five to ten minutes at a time-say, every hour-for a day or so.

Go OTC.

Any over-the-counter pain reliever containing aspirin, ibuprofen, paracetamol or ketoprofen can ease back pain Try gentle stretches. “Gentle stretches can actually help you heal more quickly,

While lying down, try bringing up your knees to your chest, Then, put a little pressure on your knees. Stretch, then relax, repeat a few times unless you feel pain. If you do, stop.

Stop smoking.

If you smoke, quit. Studies have shown that people who don’t smoke are more likely to experience long-lasting relief from back pain, including less persistent problems overall than those who do smoke. a physiatrist who specializes in spine rehabilitation. What’s more, smoking makes the discs in your back age faster and stiffen up, because it keeps oxygen and blood from getting to your back.

FOR PREGNANT OR NURSING WOMEN

Back pain is a common complaint among pregnant women and new mothers. Here’s what to do.

Ask your obstetrician for an exercise prescription.

Exercise is key to supporting your back. “The stronger your muscles, the more likely they’ll be able to support the weight of the fetus. Walk, run, swim-any aerobic exercise that you can do as often as is comfortable-can help your back.

Comfortable Clothes = Less Pain

After spending long days as medical director of a family planning and sexually transmitted diseases clinic, noticed that bending forward all day to examine patients put a strain on her lower back. Here’s how she solved the problem “I bought some loose trousers and comfortable below-the knee dresses to wear to work.” she says. “That way, when I need to examine a patient, I don’t have to worry about keeping my knees together, and I can pull my office stool right up to the patient. The closer to my patients that I sit, the less I have to bend forward, lessening the strain on my back” The lesson for women in other professions: Get close to your work-your back will thank you. And wear low heels. Anything higher than 4 cm (inches) is hard on your back.

Support your back.

When you’re nursing, put pillows behind your back for comfort and bring your baby to your breast rather than strain your back by bending over your infant, says “If you’re nursing in a chair, make sure that it’s a chair with good back support.”

Use a glider.

To help your back while nursing, try a gliding or platform rocker with arm support-available from the same shop that you bought your baby’s crib. “It will take the pressure off your back and let your arms rest while you nurse your baby.

Use a footrest.

While you’re shopping, pick up a small footstool to use at home. Propping up your feet gives them a rest and keeps your back in a comfortable, supported position.

BACK CARE AT HOME AND AT WORK

Once you’ve had an episode of back pain, chances are that it’s not an experience that you would care to repeat. Here’s what women doctors say that you can and should do to protect your back against future attacks.

Stay close to your loads.

Think about the closer you stand to whatever you’re picking up-be it a child, a bag of shopping or a box of office less strain you put on your muscles.  Here’s the right technique. Beginning in a standing position, squat from your knees rather than bending from the waist to pick up the load. Plant your feet firmly in front of you, one foot slightly ahead. Once you have your arms around it, keep the load as close to your abdomen as possible while lifting and lowering. And use both hands so that you lift symmetrically.

Lift first, turn

It seems natural: You grab a bag of shopping and turn to load it into the car-or lift an infant up and out of a crib-in one quick movement. Don’t do it. Over time, twisting can lead to herniated discs. Instead, lift your load, hold it close to your abdomen, and then turn, using your feet to get you where you want to go instead of swiveling your hips.

Wear free-flowing clothing.

“If you need to lift things, wearing long, full skirts or roomy trousers gives you much more freedom of movement than tights skirts that cram your knees together,

Wheel your belongings.

Briefcases are heavy. So are big slung on shoulder straps. “Dangling from one shoulder, those big loads create an unequal stress on your spine, which can hurt your back.  Just carry the minimum in a handbag, she says. For the rest of your  belongings, try switching to a bombing or rucksack or cart your belongings in a suitcase on wheels, as do many travelers and flight attendants. Or buy yourself an inexpensive luggage cart (a lightweight metal frame with wheels).

Adjust your work station.

“A good chair should be fully adjustable and fit the person who sits in it as well as the tasks that she performs an expert in ergonomics and injury prevention To get the best back support your feet should be flat on the floor and your lower back supported by the hack of the chair. Your knees should be slightly lower than your hips or level with them, and you shouldn’t have to crane to see your computer.

Move around.

Every half hour, move around to keep your muscles and spine from stiffening.

Try a lumbar pillow.

Buy one at a medical supply store or just roll up a towel behind your waist for greater lower back support while you sit at your desk.

Wear low heels.

Low-heeled shoes can sometimes help with arch support, but more than 4 cm (1 inches) will misalign the curvature of your back, which can lead to back pain. If you must wear heels, save them for special occasions. For practical ways to prevent osteoporosis, another possible cause of back pain.

Athlete’s Foot Stop the Infernal Itching

Athlete’s Foot Stop the Infernal Itching

Athlete’s Foot Stop the Infernal Itching

don’t make the mistake of thinking that athlete’s foot is some sweaty, smelly guy problem. The fungi that cause trouble (there are about six of them) are equal opportunity organisms whose idea of a great place to hang out is in the damp skin between toes and on the bottom and sides of feet, male or female. Worse yet, these fungi can get around and possibly give you-surprise! vaginal infection. Taking a bath instead of a shower can increase your risk of developing this problem.

 FIRST, TACKLE THE FEET

Women pick up athlete’s foot the same way men do: in swimming baths, changing rooms and showers–even in their own bathrooms if a family member has it. The unsightly white flakes, cracked and peeling skin, and stubborn itch can drive you crazy. So, athlete or not, you’ll want relief. And that calls for an all-out effort-to eradicate the fungus on your feet and banish it from your footwear and house, permanently Here’s what to do

Powder up and dry out. Athlete’s foot fungi can’t survive without moisture, so the best thing that you can do is keep your feet desert dry   another podiatrist. She recommends an over-the-counter medicated powder-Miconazole (Daktarin)-applied twice da directly to your feet. “This is the most absorbent foot powder Avada without a prescription.”

Cream the germs and don’t quit. Used properly, over-the-counter

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR 

If you’ve done everything , but your feet still itch and burn after 10 to 14 days of at-home treatment, see podia trust (a doctor specializing in foot care) or your family physician. A skin culture can determine the type of fungus and the proper anti-fungal medication to use. Or you may not have fun Gus at all, but a bacterial infection that will only be beat with antibiotic cream. Sometimes, say doctors, allergic skin reactions are mistaken for athlete’s foot.

fungus-killing creams such as tolnaftate (Tinder or Mykel) and miconazole nitrate can work, says Dr  . “Most people stop using a cream as soon as all the white, flaky areas on their feet clear she says. “But to permanently eradicate fungus, you must continue using the cream for 50 per cent longer than took to clear up the problem.” If it takes a month to knock out entrenched fungus, for example, use the cream faithfully for an additional two weeks to really get the last of it.

The drier, the better.

Fungus-ridden feet may crack, peel and look dry. But you’ll want to avoid using moisturizing creams or petroleum jelly on your feet, since these products trap moisture and can actually promote fungus growth. Stick to anti-fungal creams.

Wear cotton when you can.

“When it comes to the proliferation of athlete’s foot, nylon tights are the biggest offenders. “Wear cotton socks or all-cotton tights instead.” Nylon seals moisture in, while cotton absorbs it. If your job dictates you wear tights and court shoes during work hours, Dr   suggests wearing cotton socks instead of tights to and from work.

Or buy polypore socks and tights.

Wicking fibers-polypropylene and the draw moisture away from the skin and release it into the air also keep the feet dry, even more than cotton. “And unlike cotton, these fabrics air-dry quickly.” Look for polypropylene socks and other foot-friendly fiber socks at sports shops.

Change your socks.

It’s important to change your socks once day, Otherwise, you re-expose your feet to trapped moisture and fungus. Wash socks with disinfectant. When laundering socks and tights,

add a capful of liquid Dettol disinfectant to the final rinse to help destroy fungus. Or soak them in a disinfectant solution for a few minutes before drying them.

Crank up the heat.

Drying your socks on a hot setting will also help destroy fungus, says Dr

Socks first, then undies.

Anti-fungal strategies don’t stop with your socks. “If your feet are actively infected, pulling your pants on over your bare feet is a sure way to transfer the fungus to your groin,” says Dr  . Avoid this potentially maddening problem by getting dressed socks-first. If you wear tights: (1) Shield your feet with socks, (2) pull on your pants, (3) remove the socks and (4) put on your tights.

Fumigate your footwear.

The same fungi that enjoy nibbling away at your tootsies also find refuge in your footwear. The best way to destroy them, once and for all? Blast the insides of your shoes with a disinfectant spray, Dr   says. Let your shoes dry overnight before wearing them. If you have an active infection, do this every day with whatever shoes you wear. Don’t forget to treat your house slippers too.

Air your shoes.

“If it’s a nice sunny day, I tell people to loosen the laces and put their shoes out to air-dry,” Dr   says. If it’s not a sunny day, stuff your shoes with newspaper, which will absorb moisture, and let them dry indoors, says Dr . She also recommends alternating shoes so that at no time would you be wearing wet ones.

medications correctly are unlikely to die from asthma

medications correctly are unlikely to die from asthma

Tame Twitchy Airways

Some women describe asthma as feeling like they’re trying to breathe through a straw. The description fits perfectly, because during in the attack, airways in lungs squeeze shut, making it difficult to draw in air. At the same time, the narrowed airways become inflamed and filled with mucus, stifling the airways still further family history of asthma and exposure to viruses or allergens set the stage for asthma, “Men are just as likely to develop asthma as women,”   “although women seem to react to irritants at lower concentrations.

Asthma can be serious-even fatal, Experts speculate that the people who succumb to asthma tend to smoke cigarettes, abuse drug and misuse their asthma medications. But if you take care of yourself. asthma isn’t cause for alarm Women who get proper medical care, stop smoking and use them

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR

If you’re having attacks more easily than in the past, if you’re at tacks seem more severe than usual or if you’re waking up at night with attacks more than twice a week, it means that your asthma is no longer under control. See your doctor as soon as possible. She may need to adjust your medication. medications correctly are unlikely to die from asthma.

SELF-RESCUE FOR ASTHMA ATTACKS

Here are what doctors recommend that people with asthma do for themselves–starting with knowing how to use their medicine correctly.

Mark quick-action inhalers “rescue medicine”.

Most people being treated for asthma use two different kinds of prescription inhalant drugs: long-acting and short-acting, if you’re having an attack, you should use only a short-acting drug such as albuterol (Salbutamol), O cypenamine (Laurent), Ventolin or pirbuterol (Exira) and others.

These drugs kick in almost immediately. The long-acting drug salmeterol (Servant) can take 20 to 30 minutes to work–that’s long enough to die from an asthma attack. According to the US Food and Drug Administration, up to 20 deaths have been associated with inappropriate use of this drug.

Don’t leave home without it.

You should have a fast-acting inhaler with you at all times at home, in your handbag or briefcase, in your pocket, in your car-anywhere you could have an attack. “It doesn’t do any good if it’s not right there when you need it.

Ask for a spacer.

For most people it’s easier to get the medicine where it needs to go-deep into your lungs-by using a metered-dose inhaler with a holding chamber, also called a spacer. This is a tube-like device that you attach to the inhaler. Sprayed medicine goes first into this chamber, allowing you to then inhale it slowly over a period of five seconds. If you inhale the medicine too quickly, it hits the back of your throat and sticks there. Spacers also reduce medication side effects such as tremors or shakes.

DAY-TO-DAY CONTROL MEASURES

Once you have an attack under control, women doctors say that a good idea to take steps to prevent future episodes. To defend yourself on all fronts, heed these recommendations.

Maximize magnesium.

This essential mineral helps relax the smooth muscles that line airways. In a study by British researchers, people who were getting the most magnesium from foods were the least likely to have wheezing and supersensitive airways. Choose whole grains, beans, nuts and seeds as your best magnesium Some women may still need to take magnesium supplements to reach the Recommended Daily Allowance of 400 milligrams, nutrition editor of the Women’s Health Letter.

Consider antioxidant protection.

Vitamins C and E, the trace mineral selenium and beta-carotene, a pigment found in orange and dark green leafy vegetables, all seem to offer some protection to sensitive “I always tell people first to start eating better, with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and beans, and then to add nutritional supplements as necessary. You may want to consider consuming 1,000 to 2,000 milligrams of vitamin C, 400 international units of vitamin E and up to 200 micrograms of selenium a day through diet and supplements, she suggests. (Vitamin C levels above 1,200 milligrams daily may cause diarrhea in some people.)

Declare war on insects.

Two kinds of bugs-dust mites and cockroaches are well-known asthma aggravators, says Dr   “People actually inhale microscopic cockroach parts and dust mite faces, which sets off attacks.” It’s impossible to get rid of dust mites, which are in every house and are kicked up through normal household activity. So, minimize their presence by encasing mattresses and pillows in plastic covers and washing all bed linens frequently in hot Banishing cockroaches can be a real hassle, too, as anyone who has encountered an infestation can attest.

Call in a professional exterminator Dr   advises, and then be obsessive about putting food Keep food in with tight-fitting lids or the fridge, clean up crumbs immediately and never leave cat or dog food Fix leaks so that there are damp spots in your house, since mites require high humidity to Stop the acid. The same backflow of stomach acid into esophagus that causes heartburn can bring on asthma, especially if you’re lying down, experts say, People who do a lot of coughing at night are most likely to have this problem.

This is most likely to be an asthma trigger in adult non-smokers with no history of lung disease or allergies. We can do tests to determine the extent of their reflux and see if it correlates with symptoms they are having.” To avoid acid-induced asthma, you can take acid-suppressing drugs (such as Pepcid PM), forgo late-night snacking and shed excess weight.

Relax with massage.

In one study people with asthma who got weekly 15-minute upper body massages reported drops in chest tight ness, wheezing, pain and fatigue. “Massage may make you more aware of the stress in your life, and awareness is, for most people, the first step towards reducing stress,” explains nurse Mary  a licensed massage therapist. “Stress often makes asthma symptoms worse.

” Breathe better with yoga.

Try exhaling for twice as long as you inhale. This is a yoga breathing technique, and in one experiment, it helped reduce the number of attacks in people with asthma. To do this easily, breathe in normally, then exhale normally, but as you come to what seems like the end of your exhalation, continue for a bit longer without forcing out the breath a pathologist who is also a yoga instructor and author of Back Care Basics.

Turn off the fireplace.

As cost as fireplaces and wood-burning stoves may be, they spew pollutants into indoor air. “If you’re having trouble controlling your asthma, you’re better off not using either of these in your house.

Cover up to avoid cold.

Sucking in cold, dry air can set off twitchy lungs. So, wrap a scarf around your mouth and nose to help warm the air before you inhale. Because people with asthma are accustomed to feeling winded, they don’t always recognize when they are having serious breathing problems. So, these days, doctors have their patients measure the amount of air that their lungs can blow out-in the morning, night and before and after they use their short-acting inhalers. They use a simple tube-like device, called a peak flow meter, that measures exhaled air.

“Some guidelines on asthma recommend that if your airflow falls below 80 per cent of your peak flow, you may need to take an additional dose of a short-acting inhaler and call your doctor. Airflow below 50 per cent of your peak flow usually warrants a prompt trip to the accident and emergency department. If you have noticed your symptoms worsening soon after you start taking a new drug or after increasing the dosage of a drug, check with your doctor about a possible connection.